India physical map provides information of the south-central part of the continent of Asia, bordering the Indian ocean and its two arms extending in the form of Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. India physical map helps us to understand all these maritime location of Peninsular India has provided links to its neighboring regions through the sea and air routes.
The size of India has endowed her with great physical diversity. It contains the presence of lofty mountains in the north; large rivers such as Ganga, Brahmaputra, Mahanadi, Krishna, Godavari and Kaveri; green forested hills in northeast and south India and the vast sandy expanse of Marusthali.
Himalayas in the north, Hindukush and Sulaiman ranges in the northwest, Purvachal hills in the north-east and by the large expanse of the Indian ocean in the south.
Indian subcontinent includes the countries — Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and India. Major mountain passes are the Khyber, the Bolan, the Shipkila, the Nathula, the Bomdila .
The physical map of India you can now describe the physical variations which you would come across while travelling from Kashmir to Kanniyakumari and from Jaisalmer in Rajasthan to Imphal in Manipur.
Peninsular part of India extends towards the Indian Ocean.
Sri Lanka and Maldives are the two island countries located in the Indian Ocean, which are our neighbours. Sri Lanka is separated from India by the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Strait.
The Peninsula is formed essentially by a great complex of very ancient gneisses and granites, which constitutes a major part of it. Since the Cambrian period, the Peninsula has been standing like a rigid block with the exception of some of its western coast which is submerged beneath the sea and some other parts changed due to tectonic activity without affecting the original basement.
The rift valleys of the Narmada, the Tapi and the Mahanadi and the Satpura block mountains are some examples of it.
India can be divided into the following physiographic divisions:
- The Northern and North-eastern Mountains
- The Northern Plain
- The Peninsular Plateau
- The Indian Desert
- The Coastal Plains
- The Islands.